Location: The Tibetan Plateau is located in central Asia, bordered by India and Nepal in the southeast; Bhutan in the south; and a number of Chinese provinces in the north and the east.
Population: 2.84 million in the Tibet Autonomous Region, 5.5 million in all ethnic Tibetan regions in China
Area: 1.2 million sq km in the Tibet Autonomous Region, 2.5 million sq km in all contiguous ethnic Tibetan areas in China (approximately the size of Western Europe)
Average elevation: 4,900m
Terrain: 70% grassland, with forested areas in the lower elevations and tall mountain ranges at higher elevations
Climate: Warm in the summer (avg. 28C), cold in the winter (-15C), and extremely dry (except during the rainy season in July and August)
Languages: Tibetan and Chinese
Economy: agriculture and animal husbandry
Livelihoods: Most Tibetans are farmers and nomads, though Tibetans who live in larger towns or cities work in a variety of different jobs.
Religions: Tibetan Buddhism, Bon (the indigenous religion of Tibet), and Islam (practiced by a number of different minority groups and only a handful of ethnic Tibetans)
Main crops: barley, wheat, buckwheat, rye, potatoes, and assorted fruits and vegetables
Main livestock: sheep, cattle, goats, yaks, dzo, horses, and camels
Native wildlife: Tibetan antelope, wild yak, wild ass and Tibetan argali, blue sheep, black-necked crane, Tibetan gazelle, giant panda, red panda, golden monkey
Main handicrafts: carpets, hats, jewelry, wooden items, clothing, quilts, fabrics
World Heritage Sites: the Potala Palace (Lhasa) and the Norbulingka Summer Palace (Lhasa)
Traditional cuisine: roasted barley flour (tsampa), steamed dumplings (momo), noodle soup (thukpa), yak meat, goat meat, mutton, jerky, potatoes, yak yogurt (sho), butter and cheese.